Life coaching is a powerful journey of transformation. Clients want to feel empowered to discover their potential and cultivate a fulfilling life and purpose. The many tools and models designed to facilitate self-awareness, goal-setting, problem-solving, and personal growth are at the heart of this transformative process. 

As a life coach, the effective application of these tools can massively improve your coaching practice by preparing you to guide your clients toward meaningful change and achievement. So in this post, you’ll learn about the six most effective coaching tools to use in your coaching practice.

1. The Wheel of Life

The Wheel of Life is a visualization tool that allows clients to assess their satisfaction levels in each area of their lives. It includes health, career, relationships, personal growth, business, and finances. Clients rate their satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 10 in each area to understand where they are thriving and where improvement is needed.

This tool aids in initiating open and meaningful conversations, acting as a starting point for clients to express their emotions and concerns. It assists in pinpointing life areas that are not aligned with the client’s values or goals, leading to the development of more precise and beneficial coaching strategies.

Life coaches use this tool at the beginning of coaching relationships to understand the client’s perspective and life balance. Regular use of the Wheel of Life will help you monitor progress and reassess goals to provide a clear picture of the client’s journey.

2. GROW Model

The GROW model is a structured framework for goal-setting and problem-solving. It stands for Goal, Reality, Options, and Way forward. 

Implementing the GROW model in your coaching practice is incredibly beneficial. It structures the coaching conversation by focusing on the client’s goal, encouraging self-awareness, stimulating creative problem-solving, and encouraging accountability. Most importantly, it empowers clients to take control of their journey and make tangible progress toward their desired outcomes.

Here’s a breakdown of each step.

G – Goal

The first step in the GROW model is to establish the goal. It involves determining what the client wants to achieve in a specific timeframe. Goals should be SMART: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound. 

As a coach, encourage your clients to describe their goals as vividly as possible to create a clear vision and enhance motivation.

R – Reality

Once the goal is defined, the Reality phase explores the client’s current situation related to their goal. Evaluating where they stand now concerning where they want to be is essential. 

Encourage your clients to be honest and thorough in this step. Ask questions about their current circumstances, the challenges they face, the resources they have, and their previous attempts to reach their goal. This provides a comprehensive understanding of the situation and identifies potential barriers.

O – Options

The Options step is where creativity comes into play. Guide your client to explore all the possible actions required to move from their current reality towards their goal. Encourage them to think outside the box and consider all possibilities, no matter how unconventional or ambitious they might initially seem. 

The key is generating a broad range of options based on feasibility and potential impact.

W – Way Forward

The final stage in the GROW model is determining the Way Forward. This step involves choosing the most appropriate and feasible options identified in the previous step and committing to specific actions. 

Assist your clients in developing a detailed action plan, including deadlines for each step. It’s also crucial to consider potential obstacles and develop contingency plans. This stage creates accountability, as the client commits to take concrete steps toward their goal.

a wooded scene with two paths diverging

3. The Life EKG

The Life EKG is a reflective tool that allows clients to visually map out the major events, experiences, and periods in their lives. The tool works similarly to an electrocardiogram (EKG), where peaks represent high points or moments of significant achievement or happiness, and valleys correspond to low points or times of difficulty or sadness.

To implement the Life EKG, ask your clients to draw a horizontal line across a piece of paper to represent their life timeline. The middle line represents a neutral point in their lives. Instruct them to mark and date significant events above or below the line, depending on whether they were positive or negative experiences. The height or depth of the point represents the intensity of the event.

After your clients have completed their life EKG, discuss their insights, feelings, and revelations. The information gathered from the Life EKG can be invaluable in formulating strategies for managing future challenges and maximizing personal growth and development opportunities.

In conclusion, the Life EKG tool is a powerful means of boosting self-understanding, promoting healing, and paving the way for future growth in clients’ lives.

4. CLEAR Model

The CLEAR model offers a systematic approach to coaching, ensuring that each session is well-organized, effective, and productive. It stands for Contracting, Listening, Exploring, Action, and Review. 

Here’s an overview of how it works.


Contracting sets the foundation for the coaching relationship. First, the coach and the client discuss and agree on the goals of the coaching process, how they will work together, the session frequency, duration, and confidentiality aspects. 

Boundaries and expectations are set at this stage, creating a safe and supportive environment for the client. It’s also the stage where the coach and the client build rapport and trust, which is crucial for the success of the coaching journey.

L – Listening

The Listening stage involves the coach actively and empathetic listening to the client. As a coach, you should provide your undivided attention to what the client is saying and also pay close attention to their non-verbal cues. It’s not about preparing your next question or solution but being entirely present and open to understanding the client’s perspective, emotions, and experiences. 

This level of listening builds a deeper connection and helps the client feel valued and understood.

E – Exploring

The Exploring stage involves a deeper investigation into the client’s thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and values. This can involve powerful questioning, challenging assumptions, exploring different perspectives, and working through any limiting beliefs. The aim is to facilitate self-awareness and insight, helping the client uncover new understandings or possibilities.

A – Action

The Action stage is about taking steps toward the client’s goals. Based on the insights gained from the exploring phase, the coach helps the client identify and commit to specific, measurable actions. These should be realistic and achievable steps that move the client closer to their goals. The coach also supports the client in identifying potential barriers and planning for them, thereby enhancing the chances of successful implementation.

R – Review

Finally, the Review stage involves reflection on the coaching session and the overall coaching journey. The coach and the client evaluate progress toward the goals, discuss what’s working and what isn’t, and learn from both successes and setbacks. This stage emphasizes continuous learning and adaptation, ensuring the coaching process remains effective and relevant.

a coaching client works on a journaling activity

5. Journaling

Journaling is a powerful tool for self-reflection and clarity. It can help clients track their thoughts, feelings, and actions, identify patterns, gain insights, and document their progress toward their goals.

Journaling can offer numerous benefits to your clients:

  1. It can provide a tangible record of their thoughts and feelings over time, enabling them to track their emotional journey and identify patterns or triggers.
  2. Writing promotes mental clarity, helping clients to organize their thoughts, process emotions, and solve problems more effectively.
  3. Journaling can also serve as a stress management tool, allowing clients to vent their frustrations and concerns.
  4. Clients can use their journals to celebrate their achievements and maintain motivation by documenting their progress toward their goals.

How to Use Journaling in Your Coaching Practice

Encourage your clients to incorporate journaling into their daily routine. They don’t need to write extensively every day—a few minutes of focused writing can be enough to promote self-reflection and mindfulness.

Provide prompts to help your clients delve deeper into their thoughts and emotions. These prompts could relate to their goals, challenges, accomplishments, or feelings about particular events or situations. 

Discuss their journal entries in your coaching sessions if your client provides consent. This can offer valuable insights into their mindset, challenges, and progress. Ensure you respect their privacy and autonomy—journaling should primarily be a tool for the client’s self-reflection, not a method of monitoring.

6. STEPPPA Model

Angus McLeod developed the STEPPPA model as a dynamic coaching tool designed to structure coaching sessions and facilitate the holistic development of clients. The acronym represents Subject, Emotion, Perception, Plan, Pace, Perform, and Achieve. This model encourages clients to explore their emotional and perceptual relationship with their goals alongside the more concrete planning and performance aspects.

To use this tool effectively, guide your clients through each STEPPPA stage, helping them connect emotionally with their goals and consider their perceptions. This can lead to more invested planning and better performance.

S – Subject

The Subject stage involves defining what the client wants to work on during the coaching process. This can be a specific goal, an issue, or an area of life that the client wants to improve or transform. As a coach, your role is to help the client identify and articulate this subject clearly.

T – Emotion

The Emotion stage encourages clients to connect emotionally with their subject. It explores the feelings associated with the goal or issue and how these emotions might impact the client’s motivation and actions. By understanding these emotions, the coach can help the client use their feelings to fuel their commitment to their goals rather than hindering their progress.

E – Perception

In the Perception stage, the focus is on the client’s beliefs, assumptions, and perspectives about their goal or issue. This step helps clients gain awareness of their cognitive framework and how it might be influencing their current situation. The coach can challenge limiting beliefs or perceptions, facilitating a shift towards more empowering and resourceful ways of thinking.

P – Plan

The Plan stage involves devising a clear and specific action plan to achieve the goal. The client identifies the steps they need to take, the resources they need, potential barriers, and strategies to overcome them. This plan should be realistic, achievable, and aligned with the client’s values and lifestyle.

P – Pace

Pace is about the speed at which the client wants to move towards their goal. The client needs to set a comfortable and sustainable pace, considering their other commitments and lifestyle. The coach supports the client in establishing and maintaining their pace, encouraging them to stay motivated without feeling overwhelmed.

P – Perform

Perform is the stage where the client starts implementing their action plan. As a coach, you provide support, encouragement, and accountability during this stage, helping clients stay committed to their actions and consistently progress toward their goals.

A – Achieve

The final stage, Achieve, is the culmination of all the previous steps. It’s when the client accomplishes their goal or makes significant progress. This stage involves celebrating the client’s success and reflecting on their journey, focusing on their growth, learning, and the strategies that worked for them. This boosts the client’s confidence and equips them with valuable insights and tools they can use in future endeavors.

Invest in Your Coaching Toolkit

You’ve explored the various life coaching tools and models, exploring their capacity to unlock your clients’ potential. But remember, this is just the beginning. 

As a coach, there is always room to grow, learn, and enrich your toolkit. So, you must continually invest in your practice, broadening your repertoire of models and tools, and deepening your understanding of how to apply them effectively. This investment not only elevates your coaching practice but also enhances the support and guidance you can provide to your clients.

With each coaching session, you have the opportunity to facilitate profound transformation and growth. Every individual you coach is on a unique path towards self-discovery and fulfillment. As a life coach, you are a guide along that path, empowered by these powerful coaching tools and models.

So, keep learning, keep growing, and remember — your work has the power to change lives. Here’s to unlocking more potentials, reaching more goals, and making a significant impact as a life coach!

Coach Factory Icon

Written by The Coach Factory Team

We're a team of coaching enthusiasts who hire and work with coaches. Members of our team run businesses in the coaching industry or provide services that support coaches, and several of us are coaches ourselves.

Become a Coach Factory Member Today for FREE!

Get instant access to our growing library of tools, training, insights, and resources you need to elevate your coaching game... completely free. No upsells. No gimmicks. Free forever!


What Are the 5 Coaching Styles? And Which Are Best for Your Practice?

Use the GROW Model for Coaching Your Clients to Clarity +Free Printable Worksheet